HomeAgenciesDepartments »

Senior Services

Edna Ierley-Byrne
(973) 593-3094
(973) 593-3095
(973) 593-4945
Madison Civic Center
28 Walnut Street
Madison, NJ 07940 (map)

Healthy Tips


What are refined foods? They are highly processed foods that have been stripped of their nutrient content and fiber. Refined white flour, white pasta, and white sugar are just some examples.

How Refined Foods Affect Hunger Consider a loaf of sliced white bread. First, the wheat is stripped of bran and fiber, and then it’s pulverized into the finest-textured white flour. The baking process puffs it up into light, airy slices of bread. No wonder your stomach makes such quick work of it. A slice of white bread hits your bloodstream with the same jolt you’d get by eating a tablespoon of sugar right from the bowl!

   On the other hand, 100% whole-wheat or whole-grain bread — the coarse, chewy kind with a thick crust and visible pieces of grain — puts your stomach to work. It, too, is made of wheat, but the grains haven’t been processed to death. And while these types of bread contain starches, which are just chains of sugars, they are bound up with the fiber, so digestion takes longer. As a result, the sugars are released gradually into the bloodstream. If there’s no sudden surge in blood sugar, your pancreas won’t produce as much insulin, and you won't get the exaggerated hunger and cravings for more sugary and starchy carbs.

Refined Foods to Avoid The following should be avoided or consumed only occasionally: white bread, bagels unless 100% whole wheat or whole grain, crackers unless 100% whole wheat or whole grain, cookies or any baked goods made with white flour or refined wheat flour and sugar, instant oatmeal or Cream of Wheat, potato chips and other kinds of veggie chips whether fried or baked -  veggie chips are often made with potato starch or puréed white potatoes and are rarely made with much of the green veggies or carrots implied on the labels, rice cakes, white pasta, white rice.

    -Tips by Fran Boardman